In 2003, law nr. 10.639 established new directives for national Brazilian education,
advocating the inclusion of the teaching of African history and Afro-Brazilian and African
culture on curriculums. This proposal, made by Brazil’s Ministry of Education, has a defficency:
Africa and the history of its inhabitants is presented in isolation from the rest of the world.
Following Ana Mónica Lopes and Luiz Arnaut’s proposal, we present the teaching of ancient
African history by analysing references to Africa made by Herodotus in his Historiae.