An efficient management of physical assets in
general and the urban transportation buses in particular, has as
objective the optimization of its Life Cycle Cost (LCC), being the
optimization of its maintenance and the determination of the
right moment of its withdrawal or its renewal, essential elements
for optimization of the capital investments.
These aspects are related to the determination of the optimal
dimension of the fleet reserve, aiming the maximization of its
availability and the investment minimization. This can be
reached through several algorithms that ought to be in
consideration aspects like the maintenance costs, reseller cost,
and inflation, among others.
This is reached trough the adequate maintenance policies,
being these scheduled and or on-condition predictive or any kind
of planned ones. This type of decisions are determinant to
maximize the LCC and, by consequence, the dimension of reserve
It is through this perspective that the identification of the
right moment of replacement or total renewal of an asset can be a
strategic element in the competitiveness of the organizations by
reducing the costs that can come from there.
The validation of the management models to be implemented
will be done in the road transports sector of passengers’
transportation and the models and the results have the potential
to help this strategic sector in the global economy.